Specific Learning

Specific Learning

By the end of the Early Years Foundation Stage, it is expected that the children reach the following goals.

Understanding the World

People & Communities

Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.  They know that other children don't always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this.  They know the similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
The World
Children know about the similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.  They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.  They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.
Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools.  They select and use technology for particular purposes.


Listening & Attention
Children listen attentively in a range of situations.  They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions.  They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.

Children will follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.  They answer 'how' and 'why' questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.
Speaking & Listening
Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners' needs.  They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future.  They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.
Expressive Art & Design

Exploring & using media and materials
Children sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them.  They safely use and exlore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.

Being Imaginative
Children use what they have learnt about media and material in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes.  They represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role play and stories.

Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements.  They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space.  They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.  They also write some irregular common words.  They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.